Political Systems in Transition
Excerpt from Political Systems in Transition: War-Time and AfterNever perhaps have the hopes of democratic idealism been higher than on the day of the signing of the armistice which brought the World War to a close. It seemed as if the promised land of international cooperation and domestic regeneration were in sight, and that it needed but a simple readjustment of abnormal conditions to mark the inauguration of a new era. Autocracy had been overthrown and humiliated. Germany and Austria were in the throes of a revolution, Turkey was at the mercy of the Allies, and Russia, though for the moment in a state of confusion, was forever freed of the despotic rule of the Czar and his court. By contrast, the victorious democracies, under the inspiration of the ideals aroused by the war, were prepared to take in hand the conditions of their national life and reconstruct their political systems in accordance with those fundamental principles of justice which had been evoked against their common enemy. The world had been made safe for democracy; democracy was now to prove itself worthy of the sacrifices made in its name.The anniversary of the signing of the armistice was a day of complete disillusionment. Autocracy was still overthrown, but it seemed doubtful whether in some of the states it had not been succeeded by a dictatorship of the proletariat far more dangerous than its own regime had been. Germany, with its new democratic constitution, gave some promise of stability; but it was believed by many that there had been no change of heart on the part of the German people, and that the conception of state morality which had characterized the Germany of 1914 persisted as strongly as ever under the rule of the people. Austria and Hungary were reduced to the point of utter national exhaustion, while Russia had revived for the time the despotism of the Czar in the reaction of its more radical elements against counter-revolutionary movements and the intervention of the Allied armies.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand компанией ООО «Книга по Требованию». Print-on-Demand - это технология печати книг по Вашему заказу на цифровом типографском оборудовании. Книга, произведенная по технологии Print-on-Demand (POD) представляет собой классическую печатную книгу с соблюдением всех стандартов качества, от офсетной бумаги и плотного картона до качественного клея, используемого при изготовлении. Черно-белая текстовая или полноцветная иллюстрированная книга (в зависимости от исходного файла, подготовленного к печати) может быть изготовлена в разных вариантах: - в мягкой обложке (Клеевое Бесшвейное Скрепление); - скрепление скобой (для книг с небольшим количеством страниц); - в твердом переплете с клееным текстовым блоком; Материалы, используемые при производстве книги: - бумага текстового блока - офсетная (белая или кремовая) 80 г/м2 - мягкая обложка - бумага мелованная 250 г/м2; - ламинация обложки - матовая или глянцевая; - твердый переплет - картон 2 мм, каптал, белые форзацы, прямой корешок - сверхпрочный полимерный клей; - каждая книга упакована в термопленку. Каждый заказ обрабатывается в индивидуальном порядке: каждой книге, напечатанной по технологии Print-on-Demand, присваивается уникальный номер.