Encyclop?dia of the Laws of England, Vol. 9

Encyclop?dia of the Laws of England, Vol. 9
Название:
Encyclop?dia of the Laws of England, Vol. 9
Язык:
Английский
Год:
2015
19
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Excerpt from Encyclop?dia of the Laws of England, Vol. 9: Being a New Abridgment by the Most Eminent Legal AuthoritiesNonconformist. - A Nonconformist is one who is not in communion with the Established Church of England (as to the sense in which the term "established" is properly applicable to the Church of England, see Vol. III., at p. 59) or (in Scotland) of Scotland. A Nonconformist may therefore be an atheist (vide Blasphemy), a Roman Catholic (vide Roman Catholic), or a Protestant (vide Protestant), or other Dissenter from the Established Church. It has been decided, for instance, that Lutherans (R. v. Hube, 1791, 1 Pea. N. P. C. 180) and French Protestant refugees (A. -G. v. Daugars, 1864, 33 Beav. 621) are Protestant Dissenters. The term "Nonconformist" is now used as a rule as synonymous with "Protestant Dissenter," a term which does not seem to have come into general use till after the Toleration Act of 1688. Yet Dissenters are still occasionally distinguished from Nonconformists as being persons who not only dissent from the National Church as it is actually constituted, but disagree with the principle of National or State Churches (see Murray's Dictionary, passim), while in Wales the term "Dissenters" is popularly applied exclusively to the Independents or Congregationalists, the oldest Nonconformist body in the Principality. It seems probable, though it is a matter of controversy, that the early "Nonconformists," whether Roman Catholic (e.g. Gardiner's History of England, vol. i. 108) or Puritan (Hallam, Const. Hist., ch. iv. p. 159,1871 ed.), outwardly conformed to the Established Church. Gradually the laws became more severe against Nonconformists. An Act of Uniformity (1 Eliz. c. 2, incorporating 5 & 6 Edw. vi., which again incorporated 2 & 3 Edw. vi.) and an Act of Supremacy (1 Eliz. c. 1) were passed in the first year of the reign of Elizabeth, which immediately drove about a hundred dignitaries and eighty parochial priests with papal sympathies from their benefices (Hallam, Const. Hist., ch. iii.). In 1567 we find the first instance of actual punishment inflicted on Protestant Dissenters, when a number of them were seized in a conventicle and sent to prison (vide Hallam, Const. Hist., ch. iii.). By 23 Eliz. c. 1, the penalties imposed by 1 Eliz. c. 2, for non-attendance at the parish church were increased, and in 1583 over two hundred ministers were suspended for refusing to subscribe to the Queen's supremacy, the lawfulness of the common prayer and ordination service, and the truth of the whole Thirty-nine Articles (Neal, History of the Puritans, 245).By 35 Eliz. c. 1, and 3 Jac. I. c. 4, still severer penalties were inflicted on Nonconformists, and in 1604 three hundred Nonconformist ministers were ejected from their livings (Gardiner, History of England, vol. i. 197).About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand компанией ООО «Книга по Требованию». Print-on-Demand - это технология печати книг по Вашему заказу на цифровом типографском оборудовании. Книга, произведенная по технологии Print-on-Demand (POD) представляет собой классическую печатную книгу с соблюдением всех стандартов качества, от офсетной бумаги и плотного картона до качественного клея, используемого при изготовлении. Черно-белая текстовая или полноцветная иллюстрированная книга (в зависимости от исходного файла, подготовленного к печати) может быть изготовлена в разных вариантах: - в мягкой обложке (Клеевое Бесшвейное Скрепление); - скрепление скобой (для книг с небольшим количеством страниц); - в твердом переплете с клееным текстовым блоком; Материалы, используемые при производстве книги: - бумага текстового блока - офсетная (белая или кремовая) 80 г/м2 - мягкая обложка - бумага мелованная 250 г/м2; - ламинация обложки - матовая или глянцевая; - твердый переплет - картон 2 мм, каптал, белые форзацы, прямой корешок - сверхпрочный полимерный клей; - каждая книга упакована в термопленку. Каждый заказ обрабатывается в индивидуальном порядке: каждой книге, напечатанной по технологии Print-on-Demand, присваивается уникальный номер.